Health Services Systems and Policy Seminar Series
Understanding Equity, Diversity and Inclusion: Where we’ve been and where we’re going
Session 1: Generational diversity
Dr. Cort Rudolph, Saint Louis University
October 7, 2021 – 4:30pm to 6:00 p.m., Zoom
Title: Generations and Generational Differences at Work: Where do we Stand?
Abstract: The notion of “generations” as discrete age-based groupings and the idea of “generational differences” in all sorts of everyday phenomena is ubiquitous. From differences in consumer behavior to broad changes in social attitudes, generations are often the default explanation offered to complex, dynamic social phenomena. These ideas have likewise permeated into discourse about the changing nature of work, however research regarding the role of generations for explaining work-related phenomena is, at best, equivocal. What, then, is the state of the science of generations? In this talk I will review the idea of generations and generational differences at work from a critical perspective, and discuss the challenges associated with studying complex age-related phenomena through a generational lens. I will also discuss the dangers of over-relying on generations as a way of thinking about aging and work and offer some potential solutions to the pitfalls of this way of approaching the study of people in the workplace.
To register for the seminar or for more information, contact Dr. Meena Andiappan (email@example.com)
Session 2: Discrimination and audience evaluations
Dr. Bryan Stroube, London Business School
October 21, 2021: 4:30 to 6 p.m., Zoom
Title: Status and Consensus: Heterogeneity in Audience Evaluations of Female Lead Films
Abstract: Research finds that status characteristics such as gender are frequently related to quality evaluations by various external audiences. Yet little is known about whether such characteristics are also related to the level of consensus in quality evaluations. We examine 380 million film ratings by consumers to assess 1) whether female-led movies elicit more or less consensus in quality evaluations than male-led movies, and 2) the potential performance consequences for producers. We find that despite lower ratings on average, female-led movies elicit ratings distributions with higher standard deviations and more positive skew. This effect stems in part from how subsets of men and subsets of women differentially rate female-led movies compared to male-led movies. We also find evidence that producing female-led movies is a profitable and increasingly prevalent strategy for independent studios who target niche audiences. The talk will conclude by making connections between the wider gender effects on audience evaluations literature and the healthcare literature and investigating how insights gleaned from this study can help us understand discrimination in the healthcare domain.
Session 3: Stigma and the stigmatization process in organizations
Dr. Brent Lyons, York University
November 4, 2021: 4:30 to 6 p.m., Zoom
Abstract: Stigma is a discrediting social evaluation that devalues individual workers, and stigma is pervasive in organizational life. Through the stigmatization of certain social identities (e.g., disability, sexual identity) and “dirty” occupations (e.g., cleaners, sex workers), many workers face stigma at work and must navigate daily interactions to avoid its negative consequences. In this talk, I integrate research on individual and organizational approaches to stigma management, which are efforts aimed at mitigating the negative consequences of stigma. I also speak to more recent and emerging research on de-stigmatization, which are efforts through which stigmatized workers aim to gain recognition, acceptance and worth. I present results from a series of experimental, survey, and qualitative studies that outline how and why certain de-stigmatization strategies are more or less effective. In doing so, I highlight how and why non-stigmatized/privileged workers and also organizational context are involved in shaping de-stigmatization processes. In examining stigma and (de) stigmatization, I elucidate ideas for practical applications toward social change in organizations.
Session 4: Gender diversity
Dr. Ivona Hideg, York University
November 18, 2021: 4:30 to 6 p.m., Zoom
Abstract: Parental leaves are critical for gender equality and recently many countries have been encouraging longer parental leaves. Yet, past research shows that longer parental leaves can have unintended negative career impacts, especially for women. I present data examining the effect of parental leaves on women’s and men’s careers in the context of parental leaves in Canada and Australia. We first examine effects of longer (one year and above) parental leaves on women’s careers. We identify a mechanism underlying negative effects of longer maternity leaves and test interventions mitigating such negative effects. Next, we show that contrary to the negative effects of parental leaves on women’s careers, the effects of parental leaves on men’s careers can be positive due to others’ enhanced perceptions of men’s “communality,” i.e., traits generally ascribed to women such as warmth and friendliness.
All sessions will be via Zoom. They will take place from 4:30 to 6:00 p.m.
Session 7: March 3, 2022: The value of women’s health work – Dr. Beverley Essue, DLSPH, University of Toronto
Session 8: March 10, 2022: Racial codeswitching – Dr. Courtney McCluney, Cornell University (CANCELLED)